Ways of replanting trees.
Each tree strives to obtain nutrients and water, expands and spreads its root system. The quantity increases with the age of the tree, variety and range of roots. The most important, from the physiological point of view, are the tiniest roots - the hairs, consuming water and nutrients. These roots are mostly located on the periphery of the entire root system, and their distance from the trunk roughly corresponds to the limit of the canopy reach. The remoteness makes it, that as the tree grows older and grows in size, it becomes more and more difficult to extract and transfer the roots with the replanted tree. Transplanting, on the other hand, cuts off 60-95% of the tiniest roots. Therefore, this should be taken into account, that the older and larger the tree is transplanted, the more serious will be the violation of the physiological balance between the root system and the above-ground part. Therefore, with the age of the tree and its size increase, the possibility of successful replanting and satisfactory replanting growth generally decreases. The most common and well-known method is transplanting with a root ball as discussed above. A distinction is made here in transplanting without preparing the root system, consisting in cutting off the roots outside the area of the removable lump and transplanting with the preparation of the root system, consisting in cutting the roots for a certain period before transplanting and creating conditions for their regeneration within the intended transfer of the root ball.
Transplanting large trees without preparation deprives them of much of the root system and often prevents them from being established.
Preparing a tree for transplanting allows a significant portion of the cut roots to regenerate and ensure their successful adoption.