ONE-YEAR PLANTS SOWED INTO THE GROUND
Annual flowers are such ornamental plants, which develop from seed during one growing season, are blooming, they bear fruit, they give out seeds and die, in other words – during this period they close their entire lives.
These plants succeed in almost any well-cultivated and fertilized soil. To keep them healthy, beautiful and profusely blooming, the soil should be dug deeply in autumn and left for the winter in the. sharp furrow. Every two, fertilize the soil for three years (also in autumn, before digging) treated with manure or compost (1 wheelbarrow on 10 m2), as well as liming every few years. Soil prepared in this way in autumn should be rake in spring. At the same time, paths are marked out, discounts or flower beds. A second raking is recommended immediately before sowing the seeds, this time, however, only the beds or a discount. This is done very carefully, breaking up every large lump of earth at the same time.
All annual plants are multiplied from seeds, which we sow directly into the ground to the place of their destination, or on a seedbed or for inspection, or into boxes intended for seedling, depending on the length of the vegetation period of individual plants and the desired flowering time. Some plants (with a shorter growing season) can be sown several times a summer. Thanks to this, they will bloom almost continuously.
Ornamental plants should be properly cared for, especially watered regularly, because they cannot look for water in the deeper layers of the soil. Very careful and timely weeding is also necessary, their weeds must not be allowed, because being less viable than weeds, they can be drowned out in a short time.
The use of annual flowers is diverse – from low plants you can create edges of paths, flower beds – the so-called. fringes, Earmark medium-tall and tall plants for flower beds, flower beds and cut flowers, and cover the walls of the arbor or fence with climbing plants.
The cultivation of annual flowers planted directly in permanent places is relatively cheap, The seeds are inexpensive and can be purchased at garden stores; and also easy, because it does not require additional work and equipment, what are necessary for the production of seedlings. We usually sow the seeds in April. Only the most popular species will be proposed in this chapter, which, when grown in a small garden, can satisfy our sense of beauty and provide a sight pleasing to the eye.