Clematis (Clematis)


Clematis (Clematis) is a climbing shrub, less often a bush, and sometimes a perennial. Large-flowered clematis are usually grown in our gardens, being hybrids of different species. They are the most spectacular climbers of our gardens.

In Poland, you can also meet wild-growing clematis (Clematis vitalba). It is a fast-growing and fast-growing climber, reaching up to 10 m and more. The shoots are uniformly thick along their entire length. Odd-pinned leaves, composed of 3-5 leaflets. These leaves are ovate or ovate-lanceolate, tightened, straight cut or shallow heart-shaped at the base, coarsely serrated” or (less often) whole bank, length to 10 cm. The flowers appear small, in diameter 2 cm, pleasantly fragrant, gathered in panicles at the apex or on the side of the shoot, creamy white. It blooms from July to September. The fruits are decorative, with long, feathery outgrowths, persistent on the bush for a long time. Undemanding to soil and frost resistant, therefore it is eagerly planted in gardens, especially since it tolerates shading well. It is well suited for covering the walls of houses, pergolas, trellises, goals, as well as old tree trunks.

Of the large-flowered clematis, Jackman's clematis is particularly popular and relatively resistant to frost., which reaches height 4 m. The flowers are purple, purple shaded during blooming; blooms profusely in July – august. As a result of crossing various species, large-flowered clematis with large flowers were also obtained, diameter approx 10-12 cm, in different colors, set on long stalks. They bloom from July to October. The varieties deserve attention: Jackmanii Superba – with dark purple flowers, Marie Boisselot – with pure white flowers, in outline round, Nelly Moser – flowers initially lilac pink with a darker stripe running through the center and a darker outer side of the perianth leaves, in the course of menopause almost white with a stripe of sharkolil, Cipsy Quoen – about dark flowers, purple-violet, City of lyon – about carmine flowers, Barbara Dibley – with mauve flowers with a dark ribbon on the petals, Ernest Markham – about red flowers.

These clematis require fertile soil, carious, slightly limestone. The position should be sunny, but not overheating. So they should rather be planted against the south-eastern or south-western wall of the house or gazebo, to avoid large temperature jumps in early spring. Clematis should be protected for the winter, protecting them from freezing.

All clematis species can be propagated from seeds, but before sowing, seeds require two months of stratification. Large-flowered clematis, because they are hybrids, we must propagate vegetatively by cuttings. A better method of reproduction is to do repeats like this, as shown in the picture.

Drawing. Clematis reproduction by repeated laydowns.