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Trees

Lattice form

Lattice form

As in the flagship form, the tree guide is led diagonally at an angle of 30 ° to the horizontal. The shoots growing on the guide are bent and led in the opposite direction, also obliquely. These shoots, formed at regular intervals, form a kind of trellis with the shoots of the neighboring trees. The most famous of the lattice crowns is the Bouches-Thomas crown, made in France. She is also found in home gardens.

Annual apple buds grafted on dwarf and semi-dwarf rootstocks and pear grafted on quince are most suitable to form a lattice crown.. The trees are planted at a distance of 2-3 m between the rows and 1.5-2.0 m in the rows, in an oblique position, at an angle 30 To the level. In the rows of trees, supports made of posts and wires stretched over them. Planted trees are pruned in early spring. The guide shortens in distance 100 cm from the root collar. Lateral shoots directed downwards are left uncut. Stems growing up shortened to 3-5 holes, and the shoots growing to the side are cut smoothly.

In mid-summer, several strong shoots are selected on the guide, at a distance of roughly 40 cm and are bent exactly in the opposite direction to the conductor. The bent shoots are attached to the wires. All remaining shoots are tied over 2-3 eyelets. When the shoots are long enough, they are crossed with the neighboring trees, forming a kind of a trellis with a mesh size of 40X40 cm.. In the place where the shoots cross, they are tied together with a string (Lynx.).

Lynx. The next stages of forming lattice crowns: a - one-year-old trees planted obliquely and pruned, b – beginning of unbuckling shoots in the second year, c – lattice formation in the third year.

In the following years, the shoots in the upper parts of the crowns are bent and tied until they reach 2.0-2.5 m in height. After shaping is completed, an annual light cut or cut into short shoots is made.