Słodlin (Wisteria), also called wisteria, is a shrub that grows very fast, about right-handed shoots, climbing to heights 10-15 m. The leaves of this creeper resemble acacia leaves. They are long 5-8 cm. The flowers are light purple, length 2,5 cm, weakly smelling, gathered in dense clusters of length 30 cm. It blooms in May. The fruit is a pod with a length 10-15 cm, containing 1-3 seeds. This climber is quite resistant to frost, requires fertile soil. Two species are grown here: Chinese and Japanese malt.
Chinese malt (Wisteria sinensis) is a shrub that grows very fast, about right-handed shoots, climbing to heights 1 5 m. Pinnate leaves, green, they have 7-1 3 leaflets. Flowers in dangling clusters of length 20-30 cm, blue-violet, fragrant. It blooms in May-June.
Japanese malt (Wisteria floribunda) it is similar to Chinese, but about left-handed shoots. It grows up to the height 8 m. Leaves ovate – elliptical, length 4-8 cm, composed of 13-19 naked leaves.
The flowers are smaller, but in longer clusters – do 20-50 cm, Violet, sometimes with a bluish tinge; blooms two weeks later than Chinese. It is also much more resistant to frost. Its Alba variety has white flowers. Maltops can be propagated from seeds and vegetatively – by lay-ups.
Honeysuckle (Lonicera) it has species that bloom at different times of the year and are very original, white-pink, golden-white or yellow, sometimes red flowers. It grows up to the height 3-8 m.
The most common species of this genus is the drilled honeysuckle (Lonicera caprifolium). It grows up to 8 m and twists strongly. It has cream-white flowers, very characteristic, about the petals fused together in a long tube and spread apart at the end. They are placed a few just above a pair of fused leaves, forming a bowl. They are creamy white or yellowish in color, often with a touch of pink, they smell strongly. It blooms at the earliest, because in May.
Pomeranian honeysuckle is no less a pretty climber (Lonicera periclymenum), called the Rose of Jericho. It grows to 5 m in length. The leaves are ovate-elliptical or oblong, almost naked, dark green, bluish-green underneath. All leaves not fused, and under the inflorescence, sitting. Yellow-white flowers with a pink tinge, glandularly hairy on the outside, strongly fragrant; blooms in May – june. Requires fertile soil, humus and humid, as well as quiet and sunny positions. Resistant to frost.
Less common, but deserving of dissemination, is Tellman's honeysuckle (Lonicera tellmaniana). It grows up to 9 m in length. Young shoots green, slightly reddened from the sun side. Ovate-elliptical leaves, initially olive-brown in the spring, later dark green, white frosted underneath. Big flowers, golden orange, non-fragrant. Slightly sensitive to frost. Honeysuckles are best propagated from flat lay.