Cutting transplanted trees.
Trees transplanted in spring require the first shaping treatments already in 8 weeks later, that is, in May or June. If young trees in the orchard were grafted under the crown, just one time, each of them produces as a rule 3 increments. It is best, when the crown expands from only one peak increment. A vertical guide is then created with symmetrical branches like on a Christmas tree. In order to achieve such crown development, the remaining two growths should be pinched out to 2-3 leaves, the first time in the second half of May, and then in June and July. At the same time, smoothly cut the shoots growing out of the rootstock, below the vaccination site (Lynx.).
Lynx. Removal of growths after transplantation of the young, single-shoot tree.
Older trees are grafted in the crown with a few scions. Increments produced from such scions are free to develop. They usually grow very intensively, so they have to be tied to a stick, so that they are not broken by the wind. Below the scion, numerous shoots grow from the rootstock, which can easily drown out. These shoots should be removed smoothly next to the branch or pinched over 2-3 leaves.
In the spring, for the second year after transplantation, we try to form the tree crown. The method of cutting grafted trees in one crop depends on this, whether summer pinching of growths has been performed. if so, this scion produced one branched shoot, which does not require cutting (Lynx.).
Lynx. Pruning a young tree in the second year after transplantation: a - he created it at once 3 shoots, only one of which is left to form the crown, b - as a result of pinching, the scion developed one branched shoot, which does not require cutting.
if not, on each scion there are 3 shoots. Leave the middle shoot and shorten it to approx 40 cm. Remove two side shoots smoothly.
On older trees, vaccinated in the crown, we will usually find a lot of shoots to be cut. They grow profusely on the limbs below the grafting site and must all be cut, lest they choke the scion (Lynx.).
Lynx. In the second year after transplanting a few-year-old tree, shoots grown on the branches should be cut, below the scions.
If there were two vaccinated on the branch, three or even four slips, only one of them is left for the reconstruction of the branch. The remaining slips should be cut short to a pair of stitches (Lynx.).
Lynx. If there were two slips on the limb, then one of them should be left, and trim the other short; shoots grown from the rootstock must be removed.
In the spring, in the third year after transplantation, the crown should be thoroughly x-rayed. We cut out all the shoots grown from the rootstock. If so-called temporary branches were left on the tree during transplantation, then in the spring of the third year they also have to be cut. We thin the shoots grown from the scions by cutting them out, which grow towards the center of the crown, they intersect, overlap (Lynx.).
Lynx. In the third year after transplantation, the crown requires a thorough X-ray.
Crown reconstructing shoots should not be shortened, so as not to delay the fruiting of trees.
Pruning in the following years is similar to pruning non-transplanted trees.