ASTILBE – TAWUŁKA
Astilbe (Astilbe hybrida), it has the Polish name of tawułka and is one of the most valuable garden perennials. It has big, sometimes half a meter long, paniculate inflorescences, composed of tiny flowers, resembling tamarisks. Tawułka is well suited for semi-shaded planting, and even shady places in the garden and the shores of water reservoirs. It blooms from June to August. White flowers, pink, lilac and red, great for bouquets. Dense roots, form a root ball. Tawułka is propagated by dividing older plants in April, possibly in August. Because carp are usually tough, by dividing them, use a sharp knife, and even a garden ball. You can also reproduce by separating and planting suckers, also in spring. Low varieties are planted every 40 cm, high what 50-60 cm. In the first year after planting, the plants must be covered with leaves or peat for the winter. Requires fertile and very moist soil. The most valuable are the varieties: Gloria – show. 50 cm, dark pink flowers; Bergkristall – show. 120-150 cm, will meet, white flowers; Betsy Cuperus – show. do 100 cm, white-pink flowers, with dangling inflorescences.
Periwinkle (Vinca minor) it is a winter hardy shrub, creeping up, about height 5-10 cm. The leaves are oval shaped, dark green, leathery, smooth, shiny. Blue flowers. Blooms in April -May. It grows best in humus soil, in partial shade and shade. Likes moisture. It is used for edging and undercoat, and quite often for planting graves. It is easily multiplied by cutting off the suckers that quickly root in contact with the ground of creeping shoots and by cuttings. Plants are planted at a distance of 15X15 cm. The varieties deserve attention: punch – large-flowered and Argenteo-variegata – with white-variegated leaves.
Cornflower continued (Centaurea) has several species grown for cut flower. They are indiscriminate in terms of soil, require a sunny or semi-shaded position. Of the more common, the following species can be recommended:
Beautiful cornflower (Centaurea pulcherrima), which grows up to height 50 cm, the leaves are pinnate, smooth on the outside, fluffy from below, hairy. The flowers resemble the well-known cornflower growing in cereals, but they are much larger, oh beautiful, pure pink color, embedded at the ends of the stems. It blooms in late May and early June. It grows best in loamy and sandy soil, moderately moist, in sunny places. It reproduces by division, in late March or early April. For the winter, it must be covered with leaves.
Mountain cornflower (Centaurea montana) it grows through numerous rhizomes. It reaches height 50 cm, the stems are densely leafy, ovate-lanceolate leaves, tapering towards the base, full rim and densely hairy. Large flower baskets, with different colors: white – Alba variety; pink – Rosea; yellow – Lemon; blue -Grandiflora.