Aronia is a shrub that is undemanding to soil and grows well both in sunny conditions, as well as shaded. In Poland, it is produced in three types: red chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia), black (Aronia melanocarpa) and plum-leaved (Aronia prunifolia).
Red chokeberry is a shrub that grows up to 2 m in height. Shoots are olive or brownish in color. The leaves are oval or elliptical in shape, dark green (gray from below, fleshy), in the fall in a bright brown-red color. Reddish white flowers, collected in rather dense inflorescences. It blooms at the end of April, blooms through May, sometimes until early June. Roundish fruit, bright red, the size of a pea, edible, they stay on the bush for a long time.
Black chokeberry is a branchy shrub, sprouting up to 1 m in height. Elliptical or inverse leaves, shiny, juicy green, lighter on the underside. Pure white flowers with carmine red anthers, collected in small inflorescences. It blooms at a similar time as red. Black or purple-black fruit, shiny, the size of a pea. They have great nutritional and dietary values. They stay on the bush for a long time.
The chokeberry is a shrub that reaches over 2 m. It has green leaves, resembling plum leaves. White flowers, collected in loose inflorescences. It blooms in April-May. Fruits similar to black chokeberry.
The fruits of all these species contain sugars, proteins, fats and vitamins: B1, B2 i PP, and are suitable for compotes, jams, jam. From one bush you can get up to 10 kg of fruit. It enters the fruiting period quite quickly.
Aronia can be propagated either from seeds (they need to be stratified), be from suckers. Aronia ripen in late August-September. This shrub also has decorative qualities.