The selection of ornamental vines is quite large and includes many species, from which we can choose such, to create a vertical mass of green, by planting the walls of a gazebo or a house or a pergola and trellis. They are also suitable for masking the economic part and separating it from the arable part. Climbers are recommended for covering walls, because they do not require lattice supports and do not need to be tied.
Actinidia (Actinidia) it is a climbing shrub, whose shoots in some species reach several dozen meters in length. These shrubs are oval shaped, often colored leaves; inconspicuous, most often white flowers in diameter 2-3 cm, three kinds, male, female and bisexual, blooming in May and June, and tasty, edible fruit -berries in length 2-3 cm, ripening in August and September.
The most famous are: pstrolistna actinidia, actinidia ostrolistna i actinidia chińska, only the first of which is resistant to frost and can be recommended. Actinidia pstrolistna (Actinidia kolomikta) is a fragrant shrub with shoots in length 2-5 m, slightly branched and requiring a ligature, because they twist poorly around the support. The shrub is decorated with leaves from 10 do 12 cm. In May, the leaves are covered with chalky white spots on the upper side, which later turn pink and finally fade away. It is a monoecious species, has male and female flowers, rarely bisexual. The flowers are white, inconspicuous, they smell like lilies of the valley. The fruits ripen in late August and September, are elongated, length to 2 cm, green or yellow-green, with darker stripes, very juicy.
Actinidia should be planted in sunny places, preferably on the east or south-west side, south side is not recommended. It grows best in humus soils with added calcium.
Kokornak (Aristolochia) is a climber with alternate leaves, whole banks, heart-shaped or 3-, 5-flapper. Brown flowers, yellow or white, often spotted, pipe-shaped. It grows up to 10 m.
We cultivate large-leaved arachnid (Aristolochia sipho), who has long, green, bare shoots twisting around supports. The leaves are large, heart-shaped, length 30 cm, whole bank, with a blunt tip. They are dark green and naked on the outside, blue-green underneath; young – hairy. Tubular flowers, go out in the morning, greenish-yellow, hidden among the leaves, they hang on long stalks. It blooms in May – june. Requires fertile, moist soils. It grows well in semi-shaded positions, while direct sunlight is detrimental to this plant. When trimmed, it grows back very well. It reproduces by flat layers, which is done in the spring. The cuttings cut off from the mother plant are planted in the flower bed in autumn or spring and trimmed at the height 30 cm, to get well-branching plants. After a year, we leave the place permanently. This plant looks great on pergolas and trellises.